Selecting and culling dairy cattle by M. J. Gamroth

Cover of: Selecting and culling dairy cattle | M. J. Gamroth

Published by Extension Service, Oregon State University in Corvallis, Or .

Written in English

Read online


  • Dairy cattle -- Standards.,
  • Dairy cattle -- Productivity.,
  • Dairy cattle -- Evaluation.

Edition Notes

Book details

StatementM.J. Gamroth.
SeriesFS / Oregon State University Extension Service -- 310., Fact sheet (Oregon State University. Extension Service) -- 310.
ContributionsOregon State University. Extension Service.
The Physical Object
Pagination1 sheet printed on both sides ;
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL16090176M

Download Selecting and culling dairy cattle

Overall breed choice determines whether your cattle are adapted to your climate and environmental conditions and whether your cattle's finishing weights and finishing age suit your beef production and marketing strategy.

selection and culling of individual cattle is used to select for high beef cattle fertility and low maintenance costs in your beef cattle management program.

Economic Opportunities for Dairy Cow Culling Management Options Recent reports indicate that dairy cows account for about 8 percent of U.S.

domestic beef production1, 25 percent of U.S. nonfed beef available for consumption in the U.S.1, and about 18 percent of U.S. ground beef2. Due to a lack of national information about cull dairyFile Size: KB. Principles of Dairy Cattle Selection 5 Lesson 3: Principles of Dairy Cattle Selection D airy producers face a major task when selecting replacement heifers and choosing which cows in the current herd to keep or to sell.

Maximizing milk production is the primary goal of dairy producers. When a producer selectsFile Size: KB. Cow Culling. Controlling production costs while maximising income is a priority for dairy farmers. Maintaining herd size is a major driver for turnover, yet the cost of rearing replacements is not well enough managed by the majority of farmers.

A Practical Dairy Cattle Breeding Program James R. Nichols, Head Dairy Science Department intel­ ligent sire selection, (b) a strict culling program, and (c) efficient reproduction. A good understanding of the fundamental principles is essential for success in all three. The value of type in dairy cattle is considered in another.

Progressive Dairy magazine is printed 20 times each year for forward-thinking U.S. dairy producers. The award-winning magazine's editors and contributors provide compelling features, helpful articles, insightful news analysis, and entertaining commentary about the people, practices and topics related to a dairy lifestyle.

With dairy cattle, culling may be practised by inseminating cows—considered to be inferior—with beef breed semen and by selling the produced offspring for meat production. [4] With poultry, approximately half of the chicks of egg-laying chickens are males, who would grow up to be roosters.

A total number of 9 dairy herds were selected for the study and information about culling reasons, birth date, last calving date and culling date was collected for culled cows during Infertility (% of all culls) was the most prevalent reason of culling followed by mastitis (%).Cited by: 7. Beef Cow Herd Culling Strategies When drought conditions are looming cow-calf producers may need to closely evaluate their herds to determine which animals should be culled due to the availability and price of pasture and rangeland and the prospects of tight hay supply.

Having a depopulation plan allows you to market cows before the market is "flooded" with cull cows and price. Use culling as an economic tool Ideally, culling should be an economic decision: Remove one animal to replace it with one that is more profitable.

However, there are no guarantees that a new heifer will produce, and experience has shown that cull rates in purchased replacements often range from 15 percent to 25 percent before 60 days in milk. Milk yield. Dairy cattle selection programs have traditionally focused on increasing total lactation milk yield.

Fig. shows the average milk yield per cow per year between and in the US Holstein dairy herd. Notably, average annual milk production has increased from ab to 28, lb in the last 60 years ().Interestingly, much of this improvement in productivity is due to Author: Francisco Peñagaricano.

Tips on selecting heifers. By Leslie Bergh. pm you need clear breeding objectives and a well-considered strategy when it comes to selecting heifers. READ Twinning in cattle: consider culling the heifers that became pregnant late in the breeding season and which will calve late in the calving season, as these cows are.

Selection of dairy cattle Proper selection is the first and the most important step to be adopted in dairying. Records are the basis of selection and hence proper identification of animals and. For most cattle producers, culling cows is not an easy task.

However, some culling needs to be done each year to maintain optimal productivity. Records on each cow's yearly production would be beneficial when making culling decisions, but collecting some information when the cows are processed can give you a good place to start.

Selecting Dairy Cattle. NEVENS, Associate Chief in Dairy Cattle Feeding, a11d. KUHLMAN, First Assistant in Dairy Husba11dry.

WHY STUDY DAIRY CATTLE SELECTION. ANY THOUSANDS of cows and heifers are bought and sold annually for dairy purposes merely upon the evidence which. How to Cull Cattle.

Culling cattle is very important in any cattle operation because a producer gets rid of those animals that are inferior to the genetic qualities of the herd, those that are no longer productive, and those that have no 91%(25).

The study aimed to determine the causes and rates of voluntary and involuntary culling in dairy cattle farms in relation to some management factors in five dairy cattle farms with an average farm. Culling dairy cattle is an issue dairy producers must address every day, and choosing to cull a dairy cow for reproduction is the most common reason.

If reproductive culls become an issue, consult your nutritionist and veterinarian to identify solutions to improve your reproductive program. Selecting and Culling for Efficient Cows One of the most important decisions in a cow-calf operation is the selection of heifers to retain as replacements.

Whether selection is at weaning or some time later, picking the keepers will impact the future profitability of your cowherd. CULLING OF DAIRY ANIMALS. Culling is elimination or weeding out of undesirable animals from the herd, for reasons of uneconomic, poor production, or very poor reproductive ability, with sterility problems and breeding, irregularities, very poor conditions, stunted growth, suffering from incurable illness, or disease animals found to be positive for serious infections diseases like.

By Jane Parish, Extension Beef Cattle Specialist, Mississippi State University - Deciding which cows to cull and which cows to keep in the breeding herd impacts future herd performance and profitability. There are many factors to consider when choosing which cows to put on the cull list. The challenge in choosing cows to cull is in identifying the cows that are making the operation money and.

Cash-strapped dairy farmers are slaughtering thousands more cattle than usual in response to slumping milk prices. The national cow kill is up by more thanhead on a year ago. Selecting Dairy Cattle for Breeding In the old days a dairy farmer would size up a bull, consider the major points of confi rmation, and make his or her best guess at the type of offspring the bull would produce.

Today, the farmer is more likely to look over a computer print-out called a Proof Size: KB. Reasons for Cows Leaving the Dairy Herd: Number of cows culled in 12 months to: May May May Cows in herd: Cows sold as milking animals: Reasons for Culling: Infertility / inability to get in calf: Mastitis: Lameness: Poor production: Age: Other: Dead/casualty cow: Heifers.

Some tips on cow culling. With these ideas in mind, let’s first talk about culling cows and then selecting bulls. Every person’s cull list looks a little different, but I cull the following: Any cow or heifer open at pregnancy check.

For market purposes, I may re-expose some cows, but they will be sold. Late-bred or late-calving : Burke Teichert. Cows culled.

The recorded number of calves entering (by year, type and age of cull-cow replacement) and cows exiting (by year, type and method of exit) the national Irish cattle herd, during to is presented in Table overall culling rate, by year and type, is presented in Figure was an increase in the recorded number of calf birth registrations in compared with Cited by: Theoretical aspects of culling and selection in dairy cattle.

Livest. Prod. Sci., 7: A theoretical analysis is made of the optimal culling or selection policy among cows to maximize mean yield in herds which do not breed bulls, but use those nationally available by by:   How to Raise Cattle: Everything You Need to Know guides readers through beef and dairy operations from beginning to end—from choosing the right breed and providing proper feed and shelter to the concerns of health care and the finer points of breeding and marketing.

With more than color photographs, the book covers conventional /5(19). In this study, we used data from the Danish Cattle Database in herd-wise survival analyses to investigate factors associated with culling, in relation to udder health, in 1, dairy herds.

There is a need to improve current practices in Asia with regard to selection of cattle for breeding purposes, for both dairy and beef production. For many years, most of the countries in the region have been importing cows, bulls, and semen, largely from the. Note: I did a new post about our Livestock Record Book in See updated post by clicking here.

Even though we are a small farm there is no way I could keep track of all our livestock in my head. For us, it is important to keep track of basic information about all of.

need for cash flow, current cattle prices, where we are in the cattle price cycle. Basing culling decisions on perceived cow efficiency is questionable.

Weaning weight as a percentage of body weight is a poor measure of efficiency because it can unfairly favor smaller Size: 53KB. Dairy Sample Questions from “Animals In Pursuit” Page 3 of 8 Q. What is selection. The choice of animals to be parents of each new generation.

Involves culling cows and selecting bulls. What hormone is important in the milking process. Oxytocin Q.

The lack of. Culling is recommended when numbers show that the future heifer will outperform the present cow. How Old is Too Old. Experts, such as Dr. Greg Bethard of G&R Dairy Consulting Inc., caution that the bottom line on culling decisions is also affected by the age of the animals involved and the decisions are different for younger cows than they are.

Get this from a library. Raising cattle for dairy and beef: expert advice made easy. [Kim Pezza] -- Raising Cattle covers a broad range of ownership and care issues from selecting the right breeds and numbers for your wants and needs, housing and land requirements, breeding and raising new calves.

People milked the animals by hand; on farms where only small numbers are kept, hand-milking may still be practiced. Hand-milking is accomplished by grasping the teats (often pronounced 'tits') in the hand and expressing milk by either squeezing the fingers, progressively, from the udder end to the tip or by squeezing the teat between thumb and index finger then moving the hand downward from.

Livestock judging is used every day to evaluate breeding and market livestock and to make decisions regarding selecting, culling, buying, and selling livestock.

This is also an excellent resource for those in participating on or coaching a livestock judging team. Cattle behaviour This chapter discusses the details of cattle behaviour (in other words, what cattle as they have become more exposed to the intensive practices of modern day dairy and beef cattle farming.

The development of cow behaviour while selecting for rapid growth can lead to genetic leg disorders. With regard to dairy stock.

Backyard Farming: Raising Cattle is your expert guide to successfully keeping and caring for your herd.

A comprehensive primer for first-time beef and dairy cow owners, Raising Cattle includes detailed illustrations and informative photographs that help introduce these animals to your backyard farm, whether you plan to raise a single cow or.

DAIRY CATTLE INFORMATION DID YOU KNOW??. 9 An udder (the organ on the underside of the cow that stores the milk) can hold pounds of milk. If you are years old or younger, that one part of the cow may weigh more than many of you.

In the show. THE EFFECT OF CULLING ON PRODUCTION IN DAIRY CATTLE. I.R. Franklin*, R.W. + Clarke, and R.M. ++ Morgan summary A large proportion of the Australian dairy population is herd recorded but not artificially bred, and hence individual farmer decisions, both in the choice of bulls and the culling of unproductive animals are a major component in.Customized selection indices for dairy bulls in Australia - Volume 62 Issue 3 - P.

J. Bowman, P. M. Visscher, M. E. GoddardCited by: For most cattle producers, culling cows is not an easy task. However, some culling needs to be done each year to maintain optimal productivity. Records on each cow’s yearly production would be beneficial when making culling decisions, but collecting some information when the cows are processed can give you a good place to start.

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